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external image foot-problems.gifWelcome to the Land of Hope Project,

Exploring the Factors that Affect Human Migrations

Human migration is the movement of humans from on location to another. The migration can be voluntary or forced and can sometimes be done by large groups and over long distances. Migration is considered one of four evolutionary forces, along with natural selection, genetic drift, and mutation. The movement of populations in history through conquest or by slow cultural infiltration and resettlement have affected epochs in history, such as the decline of the Roman Empire and have also transformed the word under the form of colonization. Other factors such as climate change, warfare, disease, and access to resources have also affected historical migrations. In fact, every migration, from the ancient dispersal of humankind out of Africa to the present-day movement toward urban areas is governed by a host of push and pull factors that act to make the old home unattractive or unlivable and the new land attractive. Generally, push factors are the most central. After all, a basic dissatisfaction with the homeland is prerequisite to voluntary migration. The most important factor prompting migration throughout the thousands of years of human existence is economics. Migrations, however, may also be involuntary, such as in the slave trade, trafficking in human beings, ethnic cleansing, and a desire for religious freedom. This project seeks to bring together teachers, students and experts in order to help us better understand the historical significance of migration on our modern society through the use of technology.
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Project Objectives
1. Identify various historical and contemporary migrations and traits that they have in common.
2. Collect and analyze various historical documents in order to understand the significance of these migrations on modern civilizations.
3. Analyze the effects of various push and pull factors on human migrations.
4. Use modern technology to map these migrations in order to gain knowledge about them through spatial representation.
5. Identify the positive and negatives affects migrations have had on a particular culture.
6. Investigate current economic and labor policies to understand how globalization is affecting contemporary migrations.
7. Raise awareness about contemporary immigration issues around the globe.
8. Evaluate the positive effects of migrations and incorporate them into policy statements about the treatment of immigrants.
9. Develop an online community of teachers, students, and experts in order to conduct action research on migration issues around the globe.
10. Use our learning community to raise funds for an international charity that works with immigrants.
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Calendar of Events
We have created a calendar of events to help you plan to complete this project. On the calendar we have also scheduled online conservations using Skype for teachers to get together, talk about the project, voice any questions and concerns, and to help build our community. Dates provided on the calendar are only suggestions. Schools may enter the project at any time during the year and data may be posted at any time.

* Previous project sessions are stored on the "Archives " page of The Networked Learner wiki.

Land of Hope Composite Layer
This layer contains a list of participating schools and their immigration layers. The composite layer is continually being updated by project members as they collect data. The composite layer is compiled by the project coordinator from individual layers posted on the school layers page.

Basic Steps for Land of Hope

1. Have students join our community of learners.
2. Choose a book on migration and have students read and discuss it regularly in order to identify the push and pull factors in migration.
3. Have students post their thoughts about what they read on the wiki every few days and respond to other members' posts to promote discussion about the issue between students from different schools in different cultures.
4. Create a short video to introduce your research topic to other participating schools. You might think about focusing the video on the history of the issue, economics, labor, environmental problems, or other push / pull factors that affect migration. T
5. While creating the video, task the Walker School's graphics, film and video, and web design students to do any tech work for your video. This helps the students to get experience with out sourcing, as expressed in the book The World is Flat by Thomas Friedman.
6. Peer review each student video and make proactol changes. This will be done on the discussion tab of the wiki and a conference call on Skype between student groups.
7. Research detailed information on the issue and construct your wiki page, include your video. Each page will have a different push or pull factors as its focus.
8. Task Walker's graphics, film and video, and web design students to do any tech work for your wiki page.
9. Create a layer in Google Earth that shows what push and pull factors influenced a particular migration. This will be a collaborative effort among student groups doing a specific book. Post your data on the School Data page.
10. Task students to write a paper identifying common themes in migrations throughout history and use this information to make predictions on migrations that are occurring today.

Optional Steps:

11. As a class, develop an action plan for trying to mitigate an issue related to child immigration and/or labor issues.
12. Post finished action plan on website and then have another peer review period (i.e. get together) on Skype or in the discussion group to review our plans.
13. Decide on one plan to focus on and try to implement it. Post comments about your progress on the wiki.
14. Post information about your charity of choice that works with children and labor and/or immigration issues.
15. Use Google Forms to have an online vote for which charity we will raise funds for.
16. All schools donate their funds toward the charity and/or toward implementing the action plan. - global domains international review

Getting Started:

If you would like to join our community and have your students participate in our project, click on the Directions page and follow the steps. If you have any questions or concerns, you can contact the project coordinator Thomas Cooper at